How far does a shotgun shoot?

Are you a professional hunter? Are you an amateur fighter? I am sure that at least once you hear or see a shotgun. You can own a hunting rifle but have you ever wondered the distance a gun can shoot.Surely then in this article, we will show how far does a shotgun shoot so that your gun can achieve the highest efficiency.


how far does shotgun shoot

1. History of ShotGun

Shotguns were used for the first time in the early 1600s.In 1873, the first two-barrel shotgun appeared, and then they continued to invent the first modern, hammerless, pump-action shotgun in 1904. Centuries later, they became immensely popular. Shotguns were also used lots in the World War I with the nickname “trench guns.” Since then, they have become a part of the military arsenal, and they were also used by many civilians as well. Understand the development history of shotgun can reveal a lot for the question: How far does a shotgun shoot!


2. Structure of Shotgun

Shotgun (also known as a scattergun and pepper gun) is a firearm that usually has a similar external appearance to rifles. It is fired from the shoulder, which uses the energy of a fixed shell to fire some small spherical pellets called shot, or a solid projectile named a slug. Shotguns come in a wide variety of bore sizes from 5.5 mm (.22 inch) to 5 cm (2.0 in).


A shotgun contains a lot of parts:

A stock that lets you steady it against your shoulder muscles. The stock contains a recoil pad. It is sometimes put at the end of the stock to prevent the kick when you fire it.

The trigger that connects to the sear and hammer. They have functioned as the parts associated with firing.

The hammer starts the bolt assembly and firing pin to work, which prevents the sudden explosion. The chamber performs the loading, unloading, and fire happening. It might place from the side ỏ the top.

Next to chamber, the barrel accesses from the side or the top. It connects to the chamber with the long tube that the ammunition travels through as it leaves the gun. Below the barrel and also connect to the chamber, it is a magazine. It is often shorter than the barrel or else a drum or rectangular cartridge that snaps into the barrel.

The last one is fore-end, which is used to partially automate the loading and unloading process. Understand the structure of shotgun, we can estimate easier the distance that a shot gun can shoot!

3.Types of shotgun


Styles and purpose of shotgun depend on the gun’s action describing the operational mechanisms used to load and fire.

A large number of shotguns are either single-barrel, double-barrel side-by-side or double-barrel over-under.

4. Measuring in Shotgun



Have you ever heard about 12-gauge or 20-gauge shotgun? Someone can think the number 12 and 20 may be the length of a shotgun, right? But that’s not in this case.

“12-gauge” is the number of lead balls the shotgun contains. Each ball weighs 1 gram and its diameter match to the gun barrel. It is easy for you to buy lead by the pound to make your ammo..

The wider the barrel, the smaller the gauge number. A 4-gauge is the largest shotgun. The smallest ones are the .410 shotgun which has a .41-inch barrel diameter.

5. How far does shotgun shoot 12gauge slugs?


how far does shotgun shoot 12 gauge slugs

Until the present time, there is no accurate study conducted by scientists. All the figures are derived from the experience of professional hunters

Some of them said that he shot 2-3/4″ Winchester Rackmaster and 3″ Winchester shotgun slugs. Both gave him shot groups inside 3″ at 100 yards and three shot groups inside 6″ at 150 yards. He used a 2x scope. Given the 6″ pattern at 150 yards, He could make that shot comfortably assuming the target was correctly ranged. He had his slug gun zeroed at 100 yards. It hit 2″ high at 50 yards, dead on at 100 yards, and 10″ low at 150 yards. Beyond 150 yards, the slug was going to drop fast (approx. A drop of 31″ at 200 yards. Given that drop, unless using a laser range finder, you could not guarantee a clean kill beyond 150 yards. Also, the energy of the slug dropped quickly beyond 100 yards. At 150 yards, the slug only had 1/3 of its original muzzle energy. Now, all of that was with a rifled barrel. With a smooth bored barrel, It was a good way to look at at max range of 75 to MAYBE 100 yards tops.

6. How far does shotgun shoot a 20 gauge

How far does shotgun shoot a 20 gauge

How far does shotgun shoot a 20 gauge

A 20-gauge shotgun uses 20 lead balls. Each of them has equal one pound. It is less damage than a 12-gauge shotgun. So sometimes a 20-gauche shotgun is considered to hunt in a game or birds hunting such as quail, grouse, turkey. With slugs, it also may be used for deer.

The 20-gauge is also used for the majority of purposes like security, law enforcement, and personal defense, generally loaded with buckshot, though the 12-gauge is usually more common for these purposes.

Because some explosives in the bullets of a 20-gauge shotgun are only half of the 12-gauge shotgun, the traveled distance of 20-gauche is twice as less as one of the 12-gauche shotgun.

7. Reason in the difference distance


Because it depends on the barrel, the load chosen and the shooter.

The barrels are each a law unto them, how a given barrel performs has more to do with magic than with science

Some slugs work better than others out of a given barrel. Certainly, sabot slugs do better in rifled barrels, while rifled slugs do better in smoothbores.

A great choice depends on the shooter. It is quite difficult to shoot groups with shotgun slugs- about like shooting groups with a .375 H&H.This depends on the load and the weight of the gun. Besides, there’s no escaping physics. Shotguns kick more with heavier loads.

8. Conclusion

It is not matters much for you to stand far away I or anyone else here who can hit with our shotguns and slugs. The question is, how far can a shotgun shoot YOU shoot with different slugs? The only way for you to know is willing to go shooting. And don’t forget- you’re only as good as your worst day.


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